REACH is a new European Union regulation concerning the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals. It came into force on 1st June 2007 and replaces a number of European Directives and Regulations with a single system.


REACH has several aims:

  • To provide a high level of protection of human health and the environment from the use of chemicals.
  • To make the people who place chemicals on the market (manufacturers and importers responsible for understanding and managing the risks associated with their use.)
  • To allow the free movement of substances on the EU market.
  • To enhance innovation in and the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry.
  • To promote the use of alternative methods for the assessment of the hazardous properties of substances e.g. quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) and read across.


REACH applies to substances manufactured or imported into the EU in quantities of 1 tonne per year or more. Generally, it applies to all individual chemical substances on their own, in preparations or in articles (if the substance is intended to be released during normal and reasonably foreseeable conditions of use from an article).

Some substances are specifically excluded:

  • Radioactive substances
  • Substances under customs supervision
  • The transport of substances
  • Non-isolated intermediates
  • Waste
  • Some naturally occurring low-hazard substances

Some substances, covered by more specific legislation, have tailored provisions, including:

  • Human and veterinary medicines
  • Food and foodstuff additives
  • Plant protection products and biocides

Other substances have tailored provisions within the REACH legislation, as long they are used in specified conditions:

  • Isolated intermediates
  • Substances used for research and development

Source :

Authorisation and Restriction in REACH

One of the main reason of EU promote REACH Regulation which is gathering most chemical legislation under an umbrella, is to protect environment and human health from the risks and hazards coming from chemicals. For this aim, procedures like registration has established to find more information on chemicals; and like notification/authorisations and restrictions to minimize or avoid the exposure of the hazardous substances to human and environment.

REACH Regulation brings different provisions for the substances have serious and often irreversible effects on humans and environment (Substances of Very High Concern-SVHC). The manufacturing, trading or using these substances which are carsinogenic, mutagenic, toxic, persistent and/or bioaccumulative can be controlled or limited or may subject to authorisation.

Substances that are included in the Candidate List by ECHA have been identified as Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC). The inclusion of a substance in the List may have legal obligations on companies and those substances may subject to Authorisations by decision of the European Commission if they include to the Annex XIV of REACH.

(Follow the links to find out more about the related procedure)

Authorisation = REACH Regulation Annex XIV
Restrictions = REACH Regulation Annex XVII

Sources :

Authorisation -

Restriction -



C= Classification
L= Labelling
P= Packaging

It is the acronym for the new European Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of chemical substances and mixtures.

CLP Regulation (came into force on 20 January 2009) aims to apply United Nation's (UN's) Globally Harmonized System (GHS) criteria.

For United Nation's detailed GHS information;



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